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Joanne Waitoa (Ngāti Porou, Ngāti Rakaipaaka) is a Treaty Implementation Ranger at the Department of Conservation. She was a PhD student researching the diversity of Māori political activity. Her 2013 master’s thesis explored the role of social media in Māori political engagement.
Almost 170 years ago, Māori political processes were interrupted and displaced by a new, enforced electoral system. No wonder the Māori relationship to party politics is so complicated, writes Jo Waitoa.