Data from Policy.nz can tell us which were the ‘favourite’ policies for each of the main parties, and some surprising information about second party preferences. Chris McIntyre and Stella Blake-Kelly of Policy.nz explain
Policy.nz summarises every single policy released by the major parties, making it easy for voters to compare. More than 410,000 people have now visited the site and picked their favourites from among the nearly 2,000 policies we’ve published. When readers see a policy they like, they can “favourite” that policy and save it to a personalised list.
Readers have favourited millions of policies in total. A hard core of more than 3,200 policy-heads favourited more than 100 policies each, and one very dedicated user found something to like in nearly 400 policies.
With two days left to vote, we’re sharing insights about policies and issues voters care most about, and what they like about the parties’ platforms.
What are the most popular policies?
The policy favourited by the most readers comes from the Green Party: Create a plan to provide training for new clean energy jobs. As for the other parties, the most favourited policy for each party was:
Māori Party: Stop issuing coal mining permits and phase out industrial coal burning by 2030
Labour Party: Continue to replace coal heaters with clean energy in schools and hospitals
National Party: Install cameras on all commercial fishing boats
New Conservative: Tax house purchases by non-citizens and local investors with two or more properties
ACT: Support legalisation of euthanasia
TOP: Increase pay transparency
NZ First: Keep historic statues
Which issues do the parties’ likely voters care about?
The policies a reader likes might not tell us exactly for whom they plan to vote, but it does give us some idea of the issues they care about. We defined a reader as “leaning towards” the party that has the largest share of the reader’s favourited policies. We then looked at the issues most important to readers leaning towards each party.
Our results probably fit your expectations about what the base of each party cares about. National-leaning readers, for example, care about the Covid-19 response, cars and roads — their biggest priorities were reopening the border to international students, building a road and rail tunnel under Auckland harbour, and repealing the Auckland regional fuel tax.
Unsurprisingly, Green-leaning readers care most about emissions reductions, while ACT-leaning readers are focussed on government revenue. Readers leaning towards the Māori Party are focussed on land, resources, and Te Tiriti o Waitangi, with a particular focus on policies about freshwater.
While the New Conservatives’ policies on community and inclusion drew attention during the campaign, New Conservative-leaning readers were concerned about law and order, preferring policies to allow drug testing of people on probation, home detention and bail, requiring families of young offenders to attend counselling, and sentencing young repeat offenders to a farm-style boot camp.
Even though the borders are closed, NZ First-leaning readers still care about immigration. The most popular policy amongst NZ First-leaning readers was limiting immigration to 15,000 people a year, which, given the state of the border, we expect they’ll achieve regardless of whether they return to parliament
Most-liked issues by readers leaning towards each party
|Top issue||Second top issue||Third top issue|
|Labour-leaning||Schools||Jobs and employment||Emissions reduction|
|National-leaning||COVID-19||Cars and roads||Borders and quarantine|
|ACT-leaning||Government revenue||COVID-19||Borders and quarantine|
|Māori Party-leaning||Land and resources||Te Tiriti o Waitangi and governance||Emissions reduction|
|New Conservative-leaning||Criminal justice||Government revenue||Young people|
|TOP-leaning||Schools||Early childhood education||Immigration|
|NZ First-leaning||Immigration||Jobs and employment||Free expression|
We can also use policy favourites to infer readers’ second preference party. In other words, if a reader mostly liked National policies, which parties’ policies were their second preference?
Our results show that readers who most preferred National policies next preferred ACT, and readers who preferred Labour policies preferred Greens policies second-most. This is as you might expect, as they are natural coalition partners on the right and left.
Still, the data did throw up a few surprises: readers who prefer ACT policies preferred Greens policies second-most, which might startle many ACT and Green supporters. Even more surprising, readers who preferred Green policies preferred New Conservative policies more often than they did Labour policies (though, this could be due to Labour having released relatively little policy this election until late in the campaign, compared to other parties).
Readers who preferred TOP, Māori Party, and NZ First policies were evenly split between ACT and Green for their second preferences, perhaps showing that the parties positioning themselves in the centre draw from both left and right.